Islam jest jedną z największych religii na świecie, a jednocześnie jedną z najmniej zrozumianych przez osoby spoza jej wyznawców. Dla wielu osób islam kojarzy się głównie z zamachami terrorystycznymi i ekstremizmem, co prowadzi do wielu […]
Modernism, as one of the most important trends in the history of architecture, has definitely left its mark on the landscape of Polish cities. It is how modernist architecture changed the face of Poland that our today's article is about. We will take a look at what influences it had [...]
Modern art, often referred to as contemporary art, is a term that encompasses the wide range of artistic styles, concepts and techniques that dominated and shaped art from the mid-19th century to the late 20th century. Defining modern art is difficult, [...].
As one of the oldest forms of artistic expression, theatre has always been a place where people can come together to experience shared emotion, reflection and understanding. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced theatres around the world to close their doors, [...]
Presanctified feasts in Poland, also referred to as obligatory feasts, are an essential element of the liturgy of the Catholic Church. In 2024, the list of obligatory feasts is regulated by the Code of Canon Law, which precisely defines the obligation of the faithful to attend Mass [...].
In the context of a market economy, economic actors play a key role in the processes of production, trade and the formation of markets. The Encyclopaedia of Management defines economic actors as entities operating in the market, such as companies, households or financial institutions. [...]
Józef Piłsudski was born on 5th December 1867 in Zułów, in what is now Lithuania. He came from a family of patriotic roots, which had a significant impact on his later activities. His early years were spent in an atmosphere of [...]
Roman Dmowski was born on 9 August 1864 in Kamionek, near Warsaw, in the then Kingdom of Poland, which was under partition. His youthful years were spent in the shadow of Russian rule, which had a significant impact on shaping his [...]
Conservatism, as an ideological, philosophical and political current, has played an important role in shaping societies and politics over the centuries. It is a belief deeply rooted in the social structure, with its origins in the desire to preserve traditional values and [...]
John Paul II, born Karol Joseph Wojtyla, is one of the most influential and respected figures in the history of the 20th century. His pontificate was groundbreaking not only for the Catholic Church, but also for world history. A well-known [...]